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For whatever reason, you may decide to just ditch services from major internet companies of the world and instead you go for services that are either hosted by you yourself or by a tighly knit community of hackers building their utopia of open and free software or maybe you just pay a company who will host the things you need with a promise of them not taking a peek inside.
Whatever it is, you may find that you would like a peace of mind that is free from algorithms trying to serve you personalised ads or prying your private digital life.
You may find that the thing in your pocket as one of the biggest obstacle. The device which has become the staple of the modern 21st century. The symbol of our modern convenience. You may ask to yourself, “Is it really possible to liberate and gain control while also not leave everything behind?”. Leaving those apps that you can’t just live without them with reasons such as “I need it for work” or “I use it to communicate with my friends and family”. Well, why not?
microG, the open source Google
microG is a project which aims to reimplement Google’s proprietary services with free software1. Google’s proprietary services has made itself to be a core component of the Android ecosystem and thus, a huge obstacle in liberating your Android phone.
A common example is push notifications, Google cloud messaging (GCM) provides a central messaging API service which developers can use easily to send notifications that will arrive instantly. This comes at a cost of their application being tied towards Google’s libraries and services but since most of Android phones that are not in China has Google, a lot of them just go down that route.
It would be really irritating to find that you’re receiving any notifications on your phone or even worse, your apps not work at all.
Thus because of services like GCM, Android has become known as the “not really free” free software due to it’s heavy reliance towards Google.
microG changes this by providing open source drop-in replacements which will “emulate” the propriertary libraries and internal services and communicate to Google with a free and open source codebase.
This helps a lot in your quest to liberate your phone while also not sacrificing everything since you can still use most of your favorite daily non-free applications while also taking steps towards breaking the shackles of vendor lock in and “free” services.
Sound great, now how can I do it?
By following the steps below, you agree that you will take full responsibility of your own actions. Liberating your phone may render your phone totally unusable and thus transformed into a paperweight. I’m not responsible for any damages.
This tutorial is meant to be read fully first before doing. This is not a step-by-step tutorial where you will be guided and your hands held. You should read the whole text and understand the possible scenarios that could happen to your phone. You should do more research on your own. I’m simply telling you what to look for.
Liberating your phone
Unlock the bootloader
The modern Android ecosystem relies on the bootloader as a safe guard to ensure the legitimate state of the phone. This ensures that evil maid attacks cannot happen to your phone while protecting the personal data and integrity of your phone.
While this is good for the normal consumers, for us, it is one of the roadblocks when liberating Android phones.
The method of unlocking varies between manufacturers. Phones from Good
manufacturers (such as Google or OnePlus) are unlockable with a simple command
fastboot oem unlock after you ticked a box inside the developer options.
Some manufacturers require you to login to their website and put some
information from your phone in order to get the key and it’s just a
fastboot oem unlock UNLOCK_KEY away.
However, some terrible manufacturers will make you wait for an arbitrary amount of time that could range from a week to 3 months or even worse, not giving you the ability to unlock at all.
Whatever the case it is, you could find a way to do it by going to the XDA Developers forums and search for your device. There’ll be most likely threads that will show you how to unlock the bootloader or threads that will tell you that it is not possible because the manufacturer doesn’t give a shit.
Get LineageOS on your phone
LineageOS is simply a free and open source distribution of Android. You can think of it as something like a Linux distribution which prepackages Android into a usable state. LineageOS also makes and maintains basic applications which are taken away from Android Open Source Project such as a web browser, a phone dialer, a camera application, etc.
There are two version of LineageOS, Official and Unofficial.
Official builds of LineageOS are maintained by the LineageOS team themselves. They will ensure compatibility with your phone for some amount of time.
Unofficial builds are maintained by a simple member of the community that just want to have LineageOS. It should be noted that unofficial builds vary by quality a lot. Some may bloat their build with unnecessary apps or unwanted features. However, there are some that will take care of their build and treat it like official ones by giving it the whole treatment with OTA update and regular security updates.
For official builds, you can simply go to https://download.lineageos.org/ and find your device. If your device isn’t there, you can go to the XDA developers forum and find your device.
If you’re not familiar with how to flash your phone, once again, you can go to the XDA developers forum and find your device. For most devices, it is the same 4 steps: Flash TWRP, Wipe data, Flash LineageOS, Reboot. However, for some phones, it may be difficult and require a bit of work. This is true for a lot of phones that are using the new A/B partition scheme.
Whoops, I bricked my phone!
Not to worry, Android comes with fastboot/bootloader mode which will allow you to restore your phone. Some phones will automatically boot in case of failures into what’s called EDL (Emergency download mode).
You can easily find the firmware images along with instructions by going to the manufacturer site. If you couldn’t find it, just go to XDA and find your phone. There are most likely people who have dumped images or simply mirror them from the manufacturer website along with instructions.
From my experience, I have never had any fully hard bricked phones. All of them are always easily restorable with software. The only worse case scenario that I had experienced is having to upload fresh vanilla firmware with fastboot which is trivial.
microG relies on Signature spoofing in order to “fake” being a legit Google application. Some distribution of Android support this natively but LineageOS doesn’t do it due to the fact it being a high security risk.
In this tutorial, we’re going to use a distribution of microG called NanoDroid which eases setting up microG. NanoDroid is also capable of adding this “Signature Spoofing” feature to your OS, if it is supported. If not, no worries, there’s an alternative method.
NanoDroid also includes other quality of life features such as a drop-in open source Google Play Store replacement where you can download your normal proprietary apps and also F-Droid along with the privileged extension.
Magisk calls itself a “Systemless interface”. What that means is Magisk gives you the possibility of modifying the system files on your phone without making any permanent changes.
This helps in modifying your phone without having to fully commit to the changes.
You can download Magisk from the official XDA thread: https://forum.xda-developers.com/apps/magisk
You need both the flashable zip file along with the APK for Magisk Manager.
Do not download Magisk from any other site since they’re most likely scams littered with viruses.
The installation process is simple:
- Go to recovery mode (most likely to be TWRP).
- Install the flashable zip file.
- Reboot to the OS.
- Install the Magisk manager.
You can download NanoDroid from the official website: https://nanolx.org/nanolx/nanodroid
You need the NanoDroid zip file along with the setupwizard zip file.
The NanoDroid zip file is huge because it also contains other stuff such as other Free software along with some random stuff such as Nintendo font / Zelda ringtone.
You may not want all of it and only care about getting microG, F-Droid along with the play store replacement.
This is where the setup wizard comes in. The setup wizard allows you to choose what you want to install.
The installation process is as below:
- Go to recovery mode.
- Install the setupwizard zip file.
- Choose the configuration location. I usually choose external_sd since I always have external storage on my phone where I place all of my recovery zip files.
- Choose the stuff you need. If you want to go full minimal, you can choose the
- In the generic setup page, select only: Maps API v1 and (maybe) Init Scripts.
- In the microG page, select Full.
- In the F-Droid page, select Official.
- In the NlpBackends2 page, choose Ichnaea and Radiocell. You could choose whatever you’re comfortable with.
- In the Google App Store page, choose Aurora + FakeStore3.
- In the App Setup page, You can either choose none of it or just leave it since it won’t be honored anyway.
- In the Debloat Setup page, it’s the same deal as the App setup page.
- Install the NanoDroid zip file.
Verify microG is working
After your first boot up with NanoDroid installed, you need to verify that everything is working.
You can do this by opening the “microG settings” app which is now installed (and replaces the Google settings that you normally find).
For the first time, it may ask to be granted permissions. You can press it and grant it all of the permissions it need.
From there, you can go to “Self-check” and verify that everything is working.
If “System spoofs signature” is ticked (along with others), congratulations, you’ve installed microG.
If not, it’s not the end of the world as I present you the alternative method of getting signature spoofing to work.
When signature spoofing fails
Xposed framework is a framework/library which allows applications to modify applications without having to change the code of the application directly. Instead, it does this by hooking to the function of the application. From there, you can change it’s behaviour. This could range from theming a particular app to various quality of life improvements.
We’re going to use a more maintained version of Xposed called EdXposed which supports modern version of Android with it we can modify the system to support signature spoofing.
The project is hosted at GitHub on: https://github.com/ElderDrivers/EdXposed
The install process is simple with Magisk:
- Open Magisk Manager.
- Go to “Downloads”.
- Search for “Riru - Core” and Install.
- Open Magisk Manager and Go to “Downloads”.
- Search for “Riru - EdXposed” and Install.
- You may notice there are two version of it. Simply try one of them. If it doesn’t work, you can try the other one.
After that’s done, you need to install the companion app.
The companion app is available on GitHub: https://github.com/ElderDrivers/EdXposedManager
To download a build of it, you go to “Releases”4 and download the latest version.
After you’ve downloaded it, just install it and verify that EdXposed is running.
Install FakeGApps module
We’re going to use an Xposed module called FakeGApps which will add the ability of signature spoofing.
The project is available at https://github.com/thermatk/FakeGApps
The install process is simple with EdXposed:
- Open EdXposed Manager.
- Go to “Downloads”.
- Search for “FakeGApps” and Install.
- Go to “Modules”.
- Enable FakeGApps and reboot.
After all of that is done, you can verify that signature spoofing is working by doing the microG self-test again.
Congratulations, you have a phone free from the shackles of proprietary services. Now, it’s time to install all of those apps you need/want.
Need any help? You can contact me
- Email: hi (keong5) yukiisbo.red
- Fediverse: https://bsd.network/@yuki_is_bored
- More contact info at https://yukiisbo.red
I’ll add the commonly asked here.
The obligatory “Free as in freedom, not free beer” ↩︎
NLP backends provides Network based location. This is the service which will determine your location with the surrounding Wi-Fi network and cell towers. ↩︎
FakeStore is part of the microG which will lie the existence of the Google Play Store. Helpful for those pesky applications which won’t work. ↩︎
You need to open the GitHub page on a computer or in desktop mode to see this option. ↩︎
Keong means snail in Indonesian. You know which symbol I’m talking about, right? ↩︎